Chemical Peeling General Facts
Chemical peeling involves application of chemical agent of known strength so as to cause controlled destruction of superficial layers of skin". The new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin.
Chemical peels are performed in following conditions :
Types of chemical peels
Superficial peel - the mildest chemical peel that is safe for use on all skin types. Since it only targets the most superficial layers of the skin, it is ideal to smooth finer lines and improve the skin's texture and tone.
Medium peel - harsher than superficial peel, much deeper penetration than superficial peels. It is ideal to remove finer wrinkles, pigmentation and blemishes. However, the treated skin requires protection from sun exposure and recovery time may be longer
Deep peel - the harshest chemical peel that can penetrate through several layers of skin, effectively treat problems such as deeper wrinkles, severe age and sun spots, etc. It should not be used on dark-skinned patients.
A chemical peel should be performed by a well trained dermatologist having good experience & expertise in the procedure. This is as an outpatient treatment. The skin is thoroughly cleansed with an agent that removes excess oils. One or more chemical solutions, such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid or lactic acid are applied to full face/desired areas. Utmost care is taken to avoid spilling into eyes, also skipping delicate areas of face like near corners of nose & mouth. It is kept for certain amount of time and then washed off.
During the procedure
Most patients experience a warm to somewhat tingling/mild burning sensation that lasts about few minutes & then subsides.
Body reaction to peel generally depends upon the type of chemical peel used, like
Chemical peels have been used for more than 50 years and have an excellent safety record. Complications are rare and temporary in hands of expert dermatologists. Few to mention are :
Schedule of chemical peeling
Generally peeling sessions are done every 2-4 weeks depending upon type of peels use. Patient should undergo 5-6 sessions to have maximum benefit. After that some maintenance peels are must every 4 weeks or so to have long lasting effects.